Tomato farming is also very important for this vegetable which has an important place in vegetables. Tomato vegetables are the source of color and flavor of the dishes. In addition, the use of tomato paste, ketchup, tomato juice, pickles, etc., has led to the cultivation of this precious vegetable from day to day. Tomatoes are also very rich in terms of vitamins and minerals. In particular: C, B1, B2 and A vitamins and phosphorus, calcium and iron minerals. Turkey is the third in tomato breeding, after America and Italy. It has been an important source of foreign exchange in the last years, especially when it is exported to the Arab countries as turf.
Tomatoes are warm and warm climate plants. It is affected negatively from cold. When the temperature in the growing stages drops below 2-3 degrees below zero, the plant may be completely destroyed. In order for a normal development to take place, the temperature must be at least 16-19 degrees.
Tomato farming is not very selective in soil. The best result, however, is taken from the loamy soil. Because tomatoes; Deep permeable, good water holding ability, rich in humus and nutrients. Not so much, but the soil tolerates acidity. The most suitable soil reaction is around pH 6.5.
How should Tomato Field in Tomato Farming?
In the same field, tomato cultivation should not be done in succession. Because of the monster herb that causes great loss in yield, it is appropriate to plant other plants for at least 5 years. It also causes the soil to remain weak in this area as a result of taking the same nutrients from the soil. For this reason, a 5-year rotation should be applied. Within these 5 years, once the grain is planted and the fields are harvested, the farming affects positively. Plants that can enter the planting season with tomatoes; Cotton, cereals and lentils for the furniture.
The soil to be cultivated is processed in the fall by a plow. When the soil pan comes in the spring, the tomato suppliers are driven. In order to break the beaks and pick the weeds, the rake is passed. The chests are opened and the field is ready for planting.
The planting is done so that 2/3 of the fidelites enter the soil. Then the water is given to life. 3-4 days later the field is toured, the seedling is not renewed. As a result of the work done, the most suitable tomato varieties for the interior; S.C. 2121, Montfayet 63-5, Madona strat and F.A 16 may be suggested.
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